Max Verstappen took his third Pole Position of the season at the Red Bull Ring, defying the Ferrari threat in the dying seconds of Q3.
The Dutchman will look to recover from a difficult weekend at Silverstone and further extend his championship lead.
George Russell and Lewis Hamilton had uncharacteristic crashes in Q3, overshadowing an extremely promising session pace-wise at one of the team's traditionally weaker circuits.
Esteban Ocon and Kevin Magnussen established themselves as the best of the rest, in solid positions to convert their P6 and P7 starting positions on Saturday and Sunday.
Their teammates Alonso and Schumacher made it through to Q3, with Alpine and Haas no doubt aiming to climb the constructors.
Further back, the rest of the midfield was closely matched, though McLaren's poor performance was most notable.
Ricciardo was knocked out in the first session, whilst Norris could only manage P15 in a disastrous weekend for the team.
Albon's Q2 appearance is encouraging for Williams, who seem competitive with their new upgrade package.
There will be a few investigations post-qualifying. One of these will involve Sergio Perez exceeding track limits, with the FIA seemingly missing a violation in Q2.
Another will concern George Russell, who entered the track without permission after his crash.